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Evidence-Based Practice Award

Screening, Brief Intervention and Referral to Treatment (SBIRT) Team

Ann M. Mitchell, Kathy Puskar, & Helen Burns
University of Pittsburgh School of Nursing
Pennsylvania, USA

Nurses are key care providers who can perform an easy-to-use evidence-based screen and brief intervention for alcohol and drug use with all patients. Today's patients are admitted to hospitals or are seen in primary-care settings with multiple health conditions that can be complicated by substance misuse. The U.S. Preventive Services Task Force now recommends that clinicians screen and intervene to reduce alcohol misuse. At the University of Pittsburgh School of Nursing, Dr. Mitchell, Dr. Burns, and Dr. Puskar have developed an innovative curriculum and toolkit for students and practicing nurses to enable them to screen for alcohol and other drug use and to intervene effectively. Four funded projects to educate student nurses, nurse practitioners, emergency room nurses, and nurse anesthetists in screening, brief intervention, and referral to treatment (SBIRT) have been successfully implemented. Use of this evidence-based practice has improved the practice of nurses in numerous clinical settings.

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